Smoking and Women

Apart from the general health consequences of smoking, women face the following unique risks when it comes to smoking;

  • Adverse health effects during pregnancy.
  • Increased risk of cervical cancer.
  • Decreased fertility.
  • Increased risk of coronary heart diseases, if a woman uses oral contraceptives and smokes.
  • Earlier natural menopause.
  • Lower bone density post-menopause.